Determining what IS an argument, and what is NOT an argument?
Topic: Thesis of teenage pregnancy
June 25, 2019 / By Aldon Question:
I'm currently taking Philosophy 102--Critical Thinking. Can someone please, in the most simple way possible, tell me how I can distinguish between an argument and what is not an argument?
I keep reading through the book (Critical Thinking by Moore/Parker 9th. edition), and my brain is not getting it! I know that it takes a lot of practice, but are there any good shortcuts in finding the difference?
I already know what makes a deductive argument valid, and I already know what makes an inductive argument invalid. That part I get, I already know about the premise and conclusion part of an argument as well.
Any help would be great!
Best Answers: Determining what IS an argument, and what is NOT an argument?
Tabby | 5 days ago
An argument contains 3 parts. A claim (or thesis or conclusion) that is your basically overall idea that you are asserting, and evidence (or support) for your assertion. The last part is the warrant which is the link between the claim and the evidence. It's the explanation for why your evidence supports your assertion. For example, if I said that "Sex Ed is a Good thing" that would be my assertion. My support might be "states with sex ed have lower teenage pregnancies than states with no sex ed". My warrant would be lower teenage pregnancies are a good thing, thus sex ed is a good thing.
Without support, the argument is merely an assertion. Without a warrant, you're providing a conclusion and the evidence without saying why they connect (essentially the fallacy of "red herring")
I attached a link to this model of what an argument is (usually called the Toulmin model)...it's very similar to Aristotle's syllogism...with the minor premise roughly corresponding to the support and the major premise to the warrant.
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Originally Answered: Would you agree that this argument nullifies the teleological argument for gods existence?
Agreed. Your logic is definitely sound. Though, I recommend you stop trying to contend with Theists, well most of them at least. They are young souls, and require such closed minded structure in their lives in order to operate. With out said structure, this world would be for more of a pain in the *** then it already is. Imagine introducing a school full of undisciplined toddlers into a Five Star Restaurant on its most important time of the year and whilst telling them their are Easter eggs to be found under ever table.
Look up, not down. Below you is the confined structure of the heavy duty religions, you are beyond the point of requiring a tit to suckle on, and ready to explore the universe. Yes, we adapted to our universe, but the universe had an intention with it all. One must consider that if we are conscious, the universe could also possibly be conscious, though not necessarily in the manner we understand it in our current physical forms. Take a look at a picture of the known universe. Kind of similar to nerves or what have you in the brain. Just saying... All is possible, and all is happening at exactly the same time everywhere in the universe. Some just choose to call that "God" and limit there focus and understanding of what is around them to a very small circle they draw around themselves.
Your first celebration re the spider is a brilliant argument. the second one celebration about the dimensions of deliver isn't an argument in any respect yet a end in accordance to math. Your 0.33 celebration is an argument yet no longer a very solid one.
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Monty Python's query....... Is this the room for an argument?
No... This is the room for abuse!
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If I say to somebody: "You are wrong.", then we have an argument. If I say : "You are right.", We don't.
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